Thermodynamically Optimal Creation of Correlations

Faraj Bakhshinezhad
July 11th, 2019 FARAJ BAKHSHINEZHAD Sharif university of Technology

Correlations lie at the heart of almost all scientific predictions. It is therefore of interest to ask whether there exist general limitations to the amount of correlations that can be created at a finite amount of invested energy. Within quantum thermodynamics such limitations can be derived from first principles. In particular, it can be shown that establishing correlations between initially uncorrelated systems in a thermal background has an energetic cost. This cost, which depends on the system dimension and the details of the energy-level structure, can be bounded from below but whether these bounds are achievable is an open question. In this talk, we put forward a framework for studying the process of optimally correlating identical (thermal) quantum systems. The framework is based on decompositions into subspaces that each support only states with diagonal (classical) marginals. Using methods from stochastic majorisation theory, we show that the creation of correlations at minimal energy cost is possible for all pairs of three- and four-dimensional quantum systems. For higher dimensions, we provide sufficient conditions for the existence of such optimally correlating operations, which we conjecture to exist in all dimensions.

Seminar, July 11, 2019, 11:00. ICFO’s Seminar Room

Hosted by Prof. Antonio Acin