Graphene Plasmonics and nano-photonics: capturing and controlling light at nanometer dimensions

Nano-photonics and quantum optics

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Description of Activities:

Recently, we revealed for the first time spatial images of graphene surface plasmons: surface waves coupled to the charge carrier excitations of the conducting sheet. Due to the unique characteristics of graphene, light can be squeezed into extremely small volumes and thus facilitate strongly enhanced light-matter interactions. In addition, the plasmon wavelength can be tuned and plasmon propagation can even be switched on and off in-situ, simply by tuning the carrier density by electrostatic gates. These prospects pave the way towards ultrafast modulation of nanoscale optical fields, resonantly confined in graphene nano-structures or propagating along graphene ribbons. In addition, the capability of trapping light in very small volumes could give rise to a new generation of nano-sensors with applications in diverse areas such as medicine and bio-molecules, solar cells and light detectors, as well as quantum information processing.

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